• Projects
    Most of our work focuses on understanding and improving weight management, physical activity, smoking cessation, adherence, and coping with stress.

The MBMC is involved in conducting several projects and studies at any given time.
Many of these projects seek out participants.

Browse our active projects below, or use the filter to sort and view projects by status, category or keyword.

Curious about one of our studies? Contact us!

Physician training in Motivational Communication

Hôpital du Sacré-Cœur de Montréal
Ongoing recruitment - Learn how to participate

Psychologists have been using motivational communication (MC) as a successful tool to aid in health behaviour change. MC is a communication style, centered on the patient and designed to increase their motivation to adopt and maintain healthy behaviours.

Category: Psychology

Funding/Sponsors:

Canadian Institutes for Health Research (CIHR)

Selected publications:

- Gosselin Boucher V, Gemme C, Dragomir A, Larue F, Bacon SL, Lavoie KL. Evaluation of communication skills among physicians: A systematic review of existing assessment tools. Psychosomatic Medicine. 2020 May; 82(4): 440-451.

- Dragomir AI, Boucher VG, Bacon SL, Gemme C, Szczepanik G, Corace K, Campbell TS, Vallis MT, Garber G, Rouleau C, Rabi D, Diodati JG, Ghali W, Lavoie KL. An International Delphi Consensus study to define Motivational Communication in the Context of Developing a Training Program for Physicians. Translational Behavioral Medicine. 2020 Mar 7. pii: ibaa015. doi: 10.1093/tbm/ibaa015. [Epub ahead of print]

- Dragomir A, Julien C, Bacon SL, Gosselin-Boucher V, Lavoie KL, for the Can-Change Network. (2019). Training physicians in behavior change counselling: A systematic review. Patient Education and Counselling, 102(1):12-24.

- Lavoie KL, Rash J, Campbell TS. (2017). Changing provider behavior in the context of chronic disease management: Focus on clinical inertia. Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology 2017 Jan 6;57:263-283.

- Rouleau CR, Lavoie K, Bacon SL, Vallis M, Corace K, Campbell TS, for the Canadian Network for Health Behavior Change and Promotion (2015). Training healthcare providers in motivational communication for promoting physical activity and exercise in cardiometabolic health settings: Do we know what we are doing? Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports, 9: 29.

- Campbell TS, Bacon SL, Corace K, Lavoie KL, Rash JA, Vallis M. (2015). Comment on Pladevall et al, “A Randomized Controlled Trial to Provide Adherence Information and Motivational Interviewing to Improve Diabetes and Lipid Control.” The Diabetes Educator, 41: 625-626.

Strategies to enhance influenza/pneumococcal vaccination coverage among rheumatoid arthritis patients (Rheumatology MC)

McGill University
Ongoing recruitment - Learn how to participate

This project seeks to address the causes of vaccine hesitancy in rheumatoid arthritis patients and evaluate whether a motivational communication intervention could reduce this hesitancy.

Category: Psychology, Vaccination

Funding/Sponsors:

Canadian Initiative for Outcomes in Rheumatology cAre (CIORA)

Selected publications:

- Gosselin Boucher V, Pelaez S, Gemme C, Labbé S, Lavoie KL. Understanding factors associated with vaccine uptake and vaccine hesitancy in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: A narrative literature review. Clinical Rheumatology 2020 Jul 3. doi: 10.1007/s10067-020-05059-7. [Epub ahead of print]

- Gosselin-Boucher V, Colmegna I, Gemme C, Labbe S, Pelaez S, Lavoie KL*. Interventions to improve vaccine acceptance among rheumatoid arthritis patients: A systematic review. Clinical Rheumatology, 2019 Jun;38(6): 1797-1798.

Smoking and Reactivity to mental stress: Comparison of traditional and electronic cigarettes

Hôpital du Sacré-Coeur de Montréal
Ongoing recruitment - Learn how to participate

This study aims to examine the physiological effects of acute smoking on stress reactivity as well as the specific effects of traditional versus electronic cigarettes on the responses to stress.

Category: Health behaviour, Psychophysiology

Funding/Sponsors:

Heart and Stroke Foundation

Selected publications:

Coming soon

Research on bariatric care for obesity treatment (REBORN)

Hôpital du Sacré-Cœur de Montréal
Ongoing recruitment - Learn how to participate

We would like to link bariatric surgery follow-up with current projects in the Chronic Diseases division, with the goal of developing interventions that would optimize patient health care services.

Category: Bariatric surgery

Funding/Sponsors:

Centre de recherche de l’Hôpital du Sacré-Cœur de Montréal

Selected publications:

- Bacon SL, Julien CA, Mercier L, Woods R, Gemme C, Garneau P, Atlas H, Denis R, Pescarus R, Lavoie KL for the REBORN Investigators (2019). Sex-differences in bariatric surgery induced changes to depressive symptoms. European Health Psychologist. In Press.

- Julien CA, Lavoie KL, Mercier LA, Woods R, Gemme C, Garneau P, Atlas H, Denis R, Pescarus R, Santosa S, Bacon SL. (2019). Do preoperative depression and disordered eating patterns influence weight changes among post-bariatric surgery patients? European Health Psychologist. In Press.

- Garneau PY, Abouzahr O, Garofalo F, AlEnazi N, Bacon SL, Denis R, Pescarus R, Atlas H. (2020). Decreasing complication rates for one‐stage conversion band to laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy: A retrospective cohort study. Journal of Minimal Access Surgery 2020 Jul-Sep;16(3):264-268.

- Murphy J, Bacon SL, Morais JA, Tsoukas MA, Santosa S. (2019). Intra-Abdominal Adipose Tissue Quantification by Alternative Versus Reference Methods: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Obesity. Jul; 27(7):1115-1122.

- Garofalo F, Denis R, Pescarus R, Atlas H, Bacon SL, Garneau P. (2017). Long-term outcome after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy in patients over 65 years old: A retrospective analysis. Surgery for Obesity and Related Disorders 13: 1-6.

- Garneau PY, Garofalo F, Deslauriers V, Bacon SL, Denis R, Pescarus R, Atlas H, Delisle M, Trembley I. (2017). Neuromuscular Blockade, Bariatric Surgeon Satisfaction, and Quality of Patient Recovery. Journal of Minimally Invasive Surgical Sciences, 6: e44931.

Development of an adjunct behavioural weight management intervention for bariatric surgery (INTER-Change project)

Hôpital du Sacré-Cœur de Montréal – CIUSSS Nord-de-l’Île-de-Montréal (NIM)
Ongoing recruitment - Learn how to participate

This mixed-methods study will survey three groups of stakeholders (bariatric patients, health professionals in bariatric care, health administrators/policy makers) to identify the most pertinent behavioural weight management intervention strategies that could be used before and/or after bariatric surgery to enhance long-term weight loss maintenance and management.

Category: Bariatric surgery

Funding/Sponsors:

Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR); Chair of Behavioural Medicine – Université du Québec à Montréal; Fonds de Recherche du Québec – Santé (FRQS)

Selected publications:

- Julien CA, Dragomir AI, Mercier LA, Lavoie KL, Garneau P, Atlas H, Denis R, Pescarus R, Santosa S, Bacon SL. (2019). Behavioural lifestyle interventions for weight management in bariatric surgery: A Systematic Review. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 53(3): 302.

Registre de données en santé pulmonaire (RESP)

Hôpital du Sacré-Cœur de Montréal (HSCM) and Centre hospitalier universitaire de Sherbrooke (CHUS)
Ongoing recruitment - Learn how to participate

This project aims to recruit, on a long-term basis, patients with asthma or COPD in order to obtain a register that will contain a significant number of patients with these chronic diseases.

Category: Respiratory

Funding/Sponsors:

Réseau québécois de recherche sur les médicaments (RQRM)
Fonds de la recherche du Québec – Santé (FRQ-S)
Canadian Institute of Health Research (CIHR)
Fondation Auger of Hôpital du Sacré-Cœur de Montréal

Selected publications:

- Yousif A, Lemière C, Cartier A, Forget A, Blais L, for the RESP investigators (Bacon S, Beauchesne MF, Lavoie K, Moullec G, Pepin V, Spahija A). Development of a graphical tool to measure medication adherence in asthma patients: A mixed-methods pilot study. Journal of Asthma. 2019; 56(5): 543-552.

- Blais L, Salah Ahmed SI, Beauchesne MF, Forget A, Kettani FZ, Lavoie KL. Risk of Postpartum Depression Among Women with Asthma. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2019 Mar;7(3):925-933.

- Rodrigue C, Beauchesne MF, Savaria F, Forget A, Lemière C, Larivée P, Blais L, for the RESP Investigators: Bacon S, Beauchesne MF, Blais L, Lavoie K, Lemiere C, Moullec G, Pepin V, Spahija A. (2016). Adverse events among COPD patients treated with long-acting anticholinergics and β2-agonists in an outpatient respiratory clinic. Respiratory medicine, 113: 65-73.

Activity, smoking cessation, healthy eating and alcohol education, intervention, and motivation (ACCELERATION)

Hôpital du Sacré-Cœur de Montréal, Centre de réadaptation cardio-respiratoire Jean-Jacques-Gauthier
Recruitment complete, follow-up currently in progress

The ACCELERATION project aims to improve risk factors associated with chronic disease with a structured 12-week exercise and education program.

Category: Health behaviour

Funding/Sponsors:

Canadian Partnership Against Cancer (CPAC)
Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada

Selected publications:

Coming soon

Endothelial Function in Women and Men and Risk for Cardio-vascular Disease (REWARD)

Montreal Heart Institute
Recruitment complete, follow-up currently in progress

The project’s objective is to investigate on how the endothelium’s functioning in both men and women can predict a better or a worse cardiac profile across time.

Category: Cardiology

Funding/Sponsors:

CIHR-Canadian Institutes of Health Research

Selected publications:

- Bacon SL, Lavoie KL, Arsenault A, Dupuis J, Pilote L, Laurin C, Gordon J, Gautrin D, Vadeboncoeur A. (2011). The Research on Endothelial function in Women And men at Risk for cardiovascular Disease (REWARD) Study: Methodology. BMC Cardiovascular Disorders, 11: 50.

- Lavoie KL, Pelletier R, Bacon SL. (2008). Sex differences in traditional and psychological risk factors for cardiovascular disease. In S. Saini (Ed), Anger, Hostility and Aggression – AHA Syndrome: Relationship with Cardiac Diseases and Prevention by Lifestyle Intervention. Anamaya Ltd: India.

Effects of acute stress in asthmatics living with chronic stress (ASMA)

Hôpital du Sacré-Cœur de Montréal
Recruitment complete, follow-up currently in progress

This study aims to better understand the impact of psychological stress on four major biological systems involved in asthma, which are the respiratory, immune, autonomic nervous and cardiovascular systems.

Category: Pneumology

Funding/Sponsors:

Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR Scholarship support)
Fonds de recherche du Québec – Santé (FRQ-S Scholarship support)

Selected publications:

- Plourde A, Lavoie KL, Lessard A, Bacon SL. (2017). Effects of acute psychological stress induced in laboratory on physiological responses in asthma populations: A systematic review. Respiratory Medicine, 127: 211-32.

Derm Connect

Hôpital du Sacré-Cœur de Montréal
Recruitment complete, follow-up currently in progress

The goal of this study is to assess the efficacy of motivational communication (MC) training on physician knowledge, attitudes and communication behaviors in relation to their MC training, among dermatologists specifically.

Category: Dermatology

Funding/Sponsors:

Abbvie (Investigator-Initiated Grant Program)
Fonds de la Recherche du Québec – Santé
Canadian Institutes for Health Research (CIHR)

Selected publications:

- Lavoie KL, Gooderham MJ, Bacon SL, Campbell TS, Vallis M, Laurin C, Dragomir, A, Papp K. (2016). Clinician training in motivational communication skills: The impact of Derm Connect Canada (Phase 1). Canadian Dermatology Association Journal.

Motivational interviewing for asthma adherence and control: A randomized controlled trial (MI-ACT2)

Hôpital du Sacré-Cœur de Montréal
Recruitment complete, follow-up currently in progress

The purpose of this study is to assess the impact of a brief intervention that uses motivational interviewing (MI) techniques, on asthma medication adherence in sample of adult asthmatics.

Category: Respiratory

Funding/Sponsors:

CIHR - Canadian Institutes of Health Research

Selected publications:

- Peláez S, Bacon SL, Lacoste G, Lavoie KL. (2016). Potential intervention to enhance adherence to asthma treatment medication. Journal of Asthma, 53: 1076-1084.

- Dragomir, AI., Bacon, S., Moullec, G., Blais, L., Laurin, C., Lavoie, KL. (2016). Adherence profiles are associated with differential responses to a MC intervention for medication adherence in asthma patients. Annals of Behavioral Medicine. 50(Suppl 1), S191.

- Dragomir AI, Bacon SL, Moullec G, Blais L, Laurin C, Lavoie KL. (2015). Self-efficacy, motivation and healthcare provider autonomy support: Impact on asthma medication adherence. Canadian Respiratory Journal, 22: 8A.

- Lavoie KL, Moullec G, Lemiere C, Blais L, Labrecque M, Beauchesne MF, Pepin V, Cartier A, Bacon SL. (2014). The efficacy of brief motivational interviewing to improve adherence to inhaled corticosteroids among adult asthmatics: Results from a randomized controlled pilot feasibility trial. Patient Preference and Adherence, 10: 1555-1569.

- Peláez S, Bacon SL, Aulls MW, Lacoste G, Lavoie KL. (2014). Different Points of View: Similarities and Discrepancies Between Asthma Health Care Professionals’ and Patients’ Views on Medication Adherence. Canadian Respiratory Journal, 21: 221-226.

- Moullec G, Gour-Provencal G, Bacon SL, Campbell TS, Lavoie KL. (2012). Efficacy of interventions to improve adherence to inhaled corticosteroid medications in adult asthmatics: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Respiratory Medicine 2012 Sep;106(9):1211-25.

- Lavoie KL, Campbell TS, Bacon SL. (2012). Does motivational interviewing improve medication adherence? Archives of Internal Medicine, 172: 1351-1352.

- Foster J, Lavoie KL, Boulet LP. Treatment adherence and psychosocial factors in severe asthma. (2011). In K F Chung, E Bel & S Wenzel (Eds), Difficult-to-treat severe asthma, European Respiratory Society.

Exploring the treatment and management of severe obesity in youth and young adults

Hôpital du Sacré-Coeur de Montréal
Recruitment complete, follow-up currently in progress

This project examines the perceptions of four key stakeholder groups (youth, pediatricians, bariatric surgeons, and health administrators) on the use of bariatric surgery for youth and young adults within the context of the treatment and management of morbid obesity.

Category: Bariatric surgery

Funding/Sponsors:

Canadian Institutes of Health Research Vanier Scholarship

Selected publications:

- Farnesi C, Lavoie KL, Legault L, Reilly R, Bacon SL. (2019). Learnings from a pilot on the feasibility of combining collage and body-mapping storytelling during participant interviews and its usefulness in planning a behavioural intervention. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 53(3): 308.

- Farnesi C, Paine NJ, Lavoie KL, Bacon SL. (2017). Can coping skills help to mitigate the effects of perceived stress and reduce the risk of developing obesity in pre-teen girls?. Canadian Psychology, 58(1a): 206.

- Farnesi C, Paine NJ, Lavoie KL, Bacon SL. (2017). Investigating the relationship between perceived stress and copingskills on adiposity in pre-teen girls. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 51 (Suppl. 1): S2138.

- Farnesi BC, Lavoie KL, Legault L, Bacon SL. (2016). A qualitative exploration on the treatment and management of severe obesity in youth. Health and Fitness Journal of Canada, 9 (2): 9.

Psychological factors in asthma longitudinal study (PAL)

Hôpital du Sacré-Cœur de Montréal
Recruitment complete, follow-up currently in progress

Anxiety and depression is common among asthmatics, yet the extent to which they impact on asthma outcomes such as control levels and quality of life, remains unknown. The goal of this study is to determine the prevalence of anxiety and depressive disorders among asthmatics, their impact on asthma outcomes, and by what mechanisms this occurs.

Category: Respiratory

Funding/Sponsors:

Conseil de recherches en sciences humaines
Fondation Michel Auger
Fonds de la recherche en santé du Québec (FRSQ)

Selected publications:

- Plourde A, Moullec G, Bacon SL, Suarthana E, Lavoie KL. (2016). Optimizing screening for depression among adults with asthma. Journal of Asthma, 53: 736-743.

- Bacon SL, Lemiere C, Moullec G, Ninot G, Pepin V, Lavoie KL. (2015). Association between patterns of leisure time physical activity and asthma control in adult patients. BMJ Open Respiratory Research, 2: e000083.

- Boudreau M, Bacon SL, Ouellet K, Jacob A, Lavoie KL. (2014). Mediator effect of depressive symptoms on the association between body mass index and asthma control in adult asthmatics. Chest, 146: 348-354.

- Favreau H, Bacon SL, Labrecque M, Lavoie KL. (2014). Prospective impact of panic disorder and panic-anxiety on asthma control, health service use, and quality of life in adult asthma patients over a four-year follow-up. Psychosomatic Medicine, 76: 147-155.

- Ouellet K, Bacon SL, Boudreau M, Plourde A, Moullec G, Lavoie KL. (2012). Individual and Combined Impact of Cigarette Smoking, Anxiety and Mood Disorders on Asthma Control. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 14: 961-969.

- Rizk A, Lavoie KL, Pepin V, Wright A, Bacon SL. (2012). Sex differences in the effects of inhaled corticosteroids on weight gain among patients with asthma. ISRN Pulmonology, 2012; Article ID 138326. doi:10.5402/2012/138326.

- Favreau H, Bacon SL, Joseph M, Labrecque M, Lavoie KL. (2012). Association between asthma medications and suicidal ideation in adult asthmatics. Respiratory Medicine, 106: 933–941.

- Lavoie KL, Boudreau M, Plourde A, Campbell TS, Bacon SL. (2011). Association between generalized anxiety disorder and asthma morbidity. Psychosomatic Medicine, 73: 504-513.

- Wright A, Lavoie KL, Jacob A, Rizk A, Bacon SL. (2010). Effects of body mass index on exercise as a reported asthma trigger. The Physician and Sportsmedicine, 38:61-6.

- Bacon SL, Bouchard A, Loucks E, Lavoie KL. (2009). Is socio-economic status associated with worse asthma morbidity in a Canadian sample of adult asthmatics? Respiratory Research;10:125.

- Lavoie KL, Bouchard A, Joseph M, Campbell TS, Favreau H, Bacon SL. (2008). Association of asthma self-efficacy to asthma control and quality of life. Ann Behav Med;36:100-6.

- Barone S, Labrecque M, Campbell TS, Ditto B, Bacon SL, Lavoie KL. (2008). The association between atopy and anxiety sensitivity in adult asthmatics. J Behav Med;31:331-339.

- Bacon SL, Bergeron C, Boulet LP, Chen Y, Dixon A, Ernst P, Hamid Q, Holguin F, Irvin CG, Kimoff RJ, Komakuloff S, Laprise C, Lavoie KL, Shore S, Theodorescu M, Vohl MC. (2007). Symposium on obesity and asthma: November 2006. Can Respir J; 14:201-8.

- Lavoie KL, Bacon SL, Cartier A, Barone S, Ditto B, Labrecque M. (2006). What’s worse for asthma: mood disorders, anxiety disorders, or both? CHEST; 130:1039-1047.

- Lavoie KL, Bacon SL, Labrecque M, Cartier A, Ditto B. (2006). Higher body mass index is associated with worse asthma control and quality of life among adult asthma patients. Respir Med; 100: 648–657.

- Lavoie KL, Cartier A, Labrecque M, Bacon SL, Lacoste G, Barone S, Verrier P, Ditto B. (2005). Are psychiatric disorders associated with worse asthma control and quality of life in asthma patients? Respir Med; 99; 1249-1257.