Central to the mission of the MBMC is to promote healthy lifestyles and reduce the overall burden of chronic disease within the community. It is therefore critical for our research to be accessible to the general public.
Please note that articles are presented in the language they were published.
MBMC Co-Directors served on expert committees in the establishment of 2018 clinical guidelines with Hypertension Canada and Diabetes Canada, as well as in identifying research priorities for behavioural trials.
Talk by Dr. Simon Bacon “Lifestyle Modification as a Prescription for Hypertension” in which he talks about, in particular, physical exercise and stress management.
The evaluation of a brief motivational intervention to promote intention to participate in cardiac rehabilitationSeptember 12, 2018
Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is an effective treatment for cardiovascular disease, yet many referred patients do not participate. The efficacy of motivational interviewing with prospective CR patients, which could be beneficial in this context, has not been examined. This study investigated the impact of motivational interviewing on intention to participate in CR. This RCT concluded that a single collaborative conversation about CR can increase both intention to attend CR and actual program adherence. The findings will inform future efforts to optimize behavioral interventions to enhance CR participation.
This analysis examined the effects of cognitive-behavioral therapy weight loss (CBTWL) interventions on weight loss, psychological outcomes (eating behaviors [cognitive restraint, emotional/binge eating], and depressive/anxiety symptoms) in adults with overweight or obesity. In addition to weight loss, current evidence suggests that CBTWL is an efficacious therapy for increasing cognitive restraint and reducing emotional eating. However, CBTWL does not seem to be superior to other interventions for decreasing depressive symptoms. Future studies should focus on understanding how psychological factors impact weight loss and management.
Although it is well established that heavy alcohol consumption increases the risk of hypertension, the risk associated with low levels of alcohol intake in men and women is unclear. We searched for original cohort studies on the association between average alcohol consumption and incidence of hypertension in people without hypertension. Data from 20 articles with 361 254 participants and 90 160 incident cases of hypertension were included. Any alcohol consumption was associated with an increase in the risk for hypertension in men, but there was no risk increase for consumption of 1 to 2 drinks/day for women.