iCARE STUDY / RESULTS / CONCERNS ANALYSES


Results from Survey 1 – Levels and Types of Concerns


  • Data presented here was collected between March 27 and April 15, 2020
  • This data was collected from 20,537 people
  • Average age of participants: 41 years old
  • Participant ages ranged from 8 to 90 years old
  • Overall participation generated 35,000 visits from over 140 countries to the iCARE study webpage

Concerns about COVID-19

Q: For each of the following, please rate the extent of your concern about each situation: “Because of COVID-19, I am concerned about…”

The current figure presents some of the concerns that were captured.

The top concern for people was a family member they don’t live with being infected with COVID-19 (more than 8 in 10 were somewhat or greatly concerned about this).

Overall, people seemed to be more concerned about the potential impacts of COVID-19 on other people or their community rather than themselves. This might reflect the good behaviours that, generally, people were engaging in.

Interestingly, over half of the respondents (58%, nearly 3 in 5 people) were somewhat or greatly concerned about being isolated.

Less than half of the respondents (41%, 2 in 5 people) were somewhat or greatly concerned about losing their job or their family income.


SHORT VIDEO CLIP: Listen to iCARE study PI Dr. Simon Bacon talk about these results (recorded April 29, 2020)


Mean level of concern worldwide (by sex)

Q: Please indicate the extent of your COVID-19 related concerns

Personal health concerns were the most highly rated overall, followed by those related to the general economy. Men were more concerned about other people’s health compared to women, and women were more concerned about their personal financial situation and the general economy compared to men (p<.01).

– Scale 0-3 (“Not at all concerned” to “Concerned to a great extent”)


 

Mean level of concern worldwide (by age)

Q: Please indicate the extent of your COVID-19 related concerns

Those under the age of 29 were most concerned about their personal health and were least concerned with the health of others, the general economy, and getting back to normal compared to older age groups (p <.01).

– Scale 0-3 (“Not at all concerned” to “Concerned to a great extent”)


 

Mean level of concern for PERSONAL HEALTH worldwide (by country)

In response to: Because of COVID-19, I am concerned about being infected or the impact of being infected on my health, including dying.

People living in France and Canada were most concerned about the impact of COVID-19 on their personal health compared to people living in other countries. People living in Kenya and Brazil were least concerned about their personal health.

– Scale 0-3 (“Not at all concerned” to “Concerned to a great extent”)


 

Mean level of concern for PERSONAL FINANCES worldwide (by country)

In response to: Because of COVID-19, I am concerned about losing my job, my family income, and losing my savings.

People living in the US, Brazil and Colombia were most concerned about the impact of COVID-19 on their personal financial situation compared people living in other countries. People from Kenya and France were least concerned about their personal financial situation.

– Scale 0-3 (“Not at all concerned” to “Concerned to a great extent”)


 

Mean level of concern for HEALTH OF OTHERS worldwide (by country)

In response to: Because of COVID-19, I am concerned about infecting other people I live with or infecting other people in the community.

People living in France and Canada were most concerned about the impact of COVID-19 on the health of others compared to people living in other countries. People living in Brazil and Kenya were least concerned about the health of others.

– Scale 0-3 (“Not at all concerned” to “Concerned to a great extent”)


 

Mean level of concern for COUNTRY’S ECONOMY worldwide (by country)

In response to: Because of COVID-19, I am concerned about my country going into an economic recession/depression.

People living in Canada, Taiwan and France were most concerned about the impact of COVID-19 in terms of their country going into an economic recession or depression compared to people living in other countries. People living in Colombia, Italy and Kenya were least concerned about an economic recession/depression.

– Scale 0-3 (“Not at all concerned” to “Concerned to a great extent”)


 

Mean level of concern about GETTING BACK TO NORMAL worldwide (by country)

In response to: Because of COVID-19, I am concerned about how long it will take for things to go back to normal.

People living in Canada and France were most concerned about things getting back to normal compared to people living in other countries. People living in Italy and Kenya were least concerned about getting back to normal.

– Scale 0-3 (“Not at all concerned” to “Concerned to a great extent”)


 

Type and level of concern (by country)

Q: Please indicate the extent of your COVID-19 related concerns.

France and Canada had the highest levels of concerns overall except for concerns for their personal financial situations. Kenya, Brazil and the US had the lowest concerns for personal health and the health of others. Kenya had the lowest concerns overall.

– Scale 0-3 (“Not at all concerned” to “Concerned to a great extent”)


 

Association between concern type and adherence to preventive measures (worldwide)

Higher levels of concerns overall were associated with higher rates of reported adherence to prevention measures. Interestingly, only economic concerns (for self and the economy in general) and getting back to normal were significantly associated with better adherence to prevention measures (Econ-self p<.001, Econ-others p<.01 and Normal p<.0001).