iCARE STUDY / RESULTS / ADHERENCE ANALYSES


Results from Survey 1 – Behaviours and adherence to preventive measures


  • Data presented here was collected between March 27 and April 15, 2020
  • This data was collected from 20,537 people
  • Average age of participants: 41 years old
  • Participant ages ranged from 8 to 90 years old
  • Overall participation generated 35,000 visits from over 140 countries to the iCARE study webpage

Self-reported COVID-19 mitigation behaviours

Q: Please indicate the frequency with which you have adopted each action/behaviour in the previous seven days.

The current figure presents some of the behaviours that were captured.

In general, people have been adhering to the main recommended mitigation behaviours (e.g. hand washing, social / physical distancing).

Most countries are allowing people to go to grocery stores and pharmacies, though a notable number of people have been avoiding going to them most or some of the time (over 75% or over 3 in 4 people). This might be because they are using delivery services, that other family or household member are going, or it could be that they are not getting the goods or medications that they need.

Consistent with the variable policies and recommendations on facemasks, nearly half of respondents (45%) have not worn a mask and only about 1 in 5 (22%) wore a mask most of the time.


SHORT VIDEO CLIP: Listen to iCARE study PI Dr. Simon Bacon talk about these results (recorded April 29, 2020)


Proportion of people worldwide engaging in preventive behaviours most of the time

Q: Indicate the frequency with which you have engaged in each action/behaviour in the last 7 days most of the time.

With the exception of wearing a mask, most respondents (78%) reported adhering to major prevention measures at least most of the time.


Proportion of people worldwide NOT engaging in preventive behaviours most of the time

Q: Indicate the frequency with which you have engaged in each action/behaviour in the last 7 days most of the time.

More than 16% of people worldwide with confirmed or suspected COVID-19 report NOT self-isolating at least most of the time.


Reported adherence of people worldwide to preventive behaviours most of the time (by AGE)

Q: Indicate the frequency with which you have engaged in each action/behaviour in the last 7 days most of the time.

Fewer people from younger age groups report social distancing and hand-washing most of the time compared to people from older age groups. Few people overall are wearing face masks (p<.001).


Reported adherence of people worldwide to preventive behaviours most of the time (by SEX)

Q: Indicate the frequency with which you have engaged in each action/behaviour in the last 7 days most of the time.

Fewer men report social distancing and hand-washing most of the time compared to women. Few people overall are wearing face masks (p<.001).


Reported adherence of people worldwide to preventive behaviours most of the time (by EDUCATION LEVEL)

Q: Indicate the frequency with which you have engaged in each action/behaviour in the last 7 days most of the time.

In general, adherence to preventive behaviours was not influenced by education level, though people with higher levels of education were more likely to report engaging in hand-washing most of the time (p<.001).


Reported adherence of people worldwide to preventive behaviours most of the time (by INCOME TERCILE)

Q: Indicate the frequency with which you have engaged in each action/behaviour in the last 7 days most of the time.

Fewer people from lower income groups report social distancing and hand-washing most of the time compared to people from higher income groups. Few people overall are wearing face masks (p<.001).


Reported adherence of people worldwide to preventive behaviours most of the time (by COUNTRY)

Q: Indicate the frequency with which you have engaged in each action/behaviour in the last 7 days most of the time.

Over 75% of people from all countries except Taiwan and Kenya report social distancing at least most of the time (p<.001). At least 80% of people from all countries report hand-washing at least most of the time. Few countries are wearing masks; only those from Taiwan (88%) and Italy (60%) report doing this regularly.


Association between concern type and adherence to preventive measures (worldwide)

Higher levels of concerns overall were associated with higher rates of reported adherence to prevention measures. Interestingly, only economic concerns (for self and the economy in general) and getting back to normal were significantly associated with better adherence to prevention measures (Econ-self p<.001, Econ-others p<.01 and Normal p<.0001).